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CITIZEN'S GUIDE

7. Invalidity

Validity, strictly speaking, is an attribute of an argument. If the premises of an argument are true, the conclusion must be true. For example: i) If Friday is the day before Saturday, and ii) Tomo...

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18 Feb 2019
CITIZEN'S GUIDE

6. Music

This comes mainly through the actual music industry were artists simply make a tune to certain lyrics, or through soundtrack in films and advertisements. Let’s start with the artists. Art is...

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10 Jan 2019
CITIZEN'S GUIDE

5. Paradigm Bias

In 1949, two scientists called Bruner and Postman conducted a study that has been used to illustrate how deep our bias and subjectivity goes. Participants of the study were asked to go through a pa...

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05 Jan 2019
CITIZEN'S GUIDE

4. Plot

I have always said that the words at the beginning of a film or TV Series ‘Based on a true story’, are some of the most dangerous words in mass media. People who produce history-based e...

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08 Nov 2018
CITIZEN'S GUIDE

3. The Faceless Narrative

Narratives are produced by mass media. The endorse and uphold certain values and ways of thinking. They can be liberal or conservative, religious or atheistic, historical or contemporary. What a na...

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08 Nov 2018
CITIZEN'S GUIDE

2. Selection Bias

I consider this to be the greatest impact that mass media has on its readers – the power to choose what others can know. Ironically, selection bias is the most innocent and unavoidable type o...

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08 Nov 2018
CITIZEN'S GUIDE

1. INTRODUCTION

The aim of this guide is to help society and its individuals recognise the misguidance in mass media. In doing so we will see the impact of the misguidance is global, and that we all must apply our...

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05 Nov 2018